Home | Adult Dermatology | Sun Damage and Actinic Damage (Anti-Aging)

How Does the Sun Damage Your Skin?

Sun exposure is not all bad, but too much sun exposure or overexposure to UV light that comes from the sun’s rays is one of the main contributors to early skin aging. Ultraviolet rays (UV rays) break down collagen and elastic fibers. These are important proteins in the skin that give it elasticity and firmness. UV exposure also damages the surface of epidermal cells (keratinocytes)  that create a protective barrier on the outer layer of the skin.

This combined damage is called photoaging. It leaves the skin susceptible to wrinkling and sagging caused by loss of elasticity. Hyperpigmentation, actinic keratosis, and sun spots (lentigines) are also attributed to damaged skin cells. Chronic and/or intense sun exposure can also leave people at risk for skin cancer.

How to Prevent Sun Damage?

Sun damage can be prevented with a daily application of broad-spectrum sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher. Broad-spectrum sunscreen protects the skin against UVB rays responsible for surface skin damage and UVA light that can penetrate into the deep dermal layers of the skin. Athletes and those spending time in the water should also look for a water-resistant formula and reapply every two hours.

Your HMGS Dermatologist may suggest incorporating topical retinoids (tretinoin, retinol) into your PM skincare routine to stimulate collagen production and smooth the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. We often recommend AM application of anti-aging vitamin C serums such as  SkinCeuticals CE Ferulic, Silymarin CF, and Phloretin CF.

Recommended Product

SkinCeuticals CE Ferulic

A patented daytime vitamin C serum that delivers advanced environmental protection and improves the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, loss of firmness, and brightens skin’s complexion. Now clinically proven to reduce combined oxidative damage from free radicals generated by UV, Ozone, and Diesel Exhaust by up to 41%.

How is Sun Damage Treated?

Sun damage can be treated with the following procedures:


The Gentlelase laser can target irregular pigmentation, while the Vbeam eliminates broken blood vessels caused by sun damage.

Chemical Peels

Peels strip off dead and damaged skin cells to promote tissue regeneration and unveil new, healthy skin.


Increase collagen production to improve uneven skin texture, wrinkles, and other effects of sun damage.

Schedule a Consultation

Prevent sun-damaged skin and restore your skin’s smooth and youthful appearance with medical-grade skincare products and dermatologic treatments at HMGS Dermatology. Our team will be happy to answer any questions you might have and help you develop a customized treatment to prevent premature aging skin. Schedule your consultation today at one of our three New Jersey offices.

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